Genesis 38 tips us off that we need to pay careful attention to Judah. So the lives of Joseph and Judah begin in stark contrast. But then, another reason, is to prepare us for what we see in Judah in chapters 43— In Genesis 42, Jacob sends his sons to Egypt to seek food during the famine. Joseph recognizes them, and sends them home with food, but keeps Simeon until they return with Benjamin, his full brother the only other son of Rachel. Jacob, having already lost one of his favorite sons, does not want Benjamin to go. If a son is lost, then kill two grandsons?
No, Jacob says, I will not trust you with my son. But, then, in Genesis —9, Judah tries another approach. From my hand you shall require him. Jacob agrees, and entrusts Benjamin to Judah. For me, these have been the two most confusing details. The two questions lead toward one answer: Joseph is setting up a test. And gets favored treatment in Egypt.
Will the brothers envy and mistreat Benjamin like they did Joseph? Will they abandon Benjamin as they did Joseph more than twenty years before? At the end, he says, in —33,. This is one of the most dramatic, emotional moments in all the Bible. Look at — For the famine has been in the land these two years, and there are yet five years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvest. He has made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house and ruler over all the land of Egypt.
Joseph is amazingly God-centered. They were evil. Human sin and evil do not stymie his purposes, but wonder upon wonder, he takes the very acts and intentions of evil man, and not just despite them but even because of them, he brings about his saving and good intensions for his people. And Joseph comforts his distressed brothers by assuring them that he sees what God was doing for good when they intended evil, and because of his God-centeredness, he is able to genuinely forgive their evil intentions and sin against him.
Given the chance to dispense with Benjamin as they did with Joseph, Judah offers himself as a substitute. This leads, then, to his legacy.
Enduring Word Bible Commentary Isaiah Chapter 1
When Jacob comes to the end of his life and blesses his twelve sons in Genesis 49, he says that the kingship in Israel will belong to Judah:. As Judah became a pledge of safety for his younger brother Benjamin, so the king in Israel should be a pledge of safety for his brothers and sisters. God means for those who lead his people — whether as pastors or husbands or fathers or influential figures — to not use others or domineer over others but to lift others up and serve them.
To sacrifice for others, rather than be selfish. To use their God-given strength and energy and resources and finances and influence to help others, rather than hurt others. This is the legacy of Judah: not exploiting others but sacrificing for them. Not pushing others down, but lifting them up. Not using power to hurt others but to help.
This is the kind of man God wants to be king over his people, and leaders in society, and pastors in churches, and husbands and fathers. Deuteronomy The law rehearsed; the death of Moses. Joshua The story of the conquest and partition of Canaan. Judges The history of the nation from Joshua to Samson. Ruth The story of the ancestors of the royal family of Judah.
The Books of Chronicles are so called as being the record made by the appointed historiographers of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel; they are the official histories of those kingdoms.
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Ezra The story of the return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity, and of the rebuilding of the temple. Nehemiah A further account of the rebuilding of the temple and city, and of the obstacles encountered and overcome. Esther The story of a Jewess who becomes queen of Persia and saves the Jewish people from destruction. Job The story of the trials and patience of a holy man of Edom.
Psalms A collection of sacred poems intended for use in the worship of Jehovah. Proverbs The wise sayings of Solomon. Ecclesiastes A poem respecting the vanity of earthly things. Solomon's Song An allegory relating to the church. Isaiah Prophecies respecting Christ and his kingdom. Jeremiah Prophecies announcing the captivity of Judah, its sufferings, and the final overthrow of its enemies.
Lamentations The utterance of Jeremiah's sorrow upon the capture of Jerusalem and the destruction of the temple. Ezekiel Messages of warning and comfort to the Jews in their captivity. Daniel A narrative of some of the occurrences of the captivity, and a series of prophecies concerning Christ. Hosea Prophecies relating to Christ and the latter days. Joel Prediction of woes upon Judah, and of the favor with which God will receive the penitent people. Amos Prediction that Israel and other neighboring nations will be punished by conquerors from the north, and of the fulfillment of the Messiah's kingdom.
Obadiah Prediction of the desolation of Edom. Jonah Prophecies relating to Nineveh. Micah Predictions relating to the invasions of Shalmaneser and Sennacherib, the Babylonish captivity, the establishment of a theocratic kingdom in Jerusalem, and the birth of the Messiah in Bethlehem. Nahum Prediction of the downfall of Assyria.
Habakkuk A prediction of the doom of the Chaldeans.
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Zephaniah A prediction of the overthrow of Judah for its idolatry and wickedness. Haggai Prophecies concerning the rebuilding of the temple.
Zechariah Prophecies relating to the rebuilding of the temple and the Messiah. Malachi Prophecies relating to the calling of the Gentiles and the coming of Christ.
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New Testament Gospel of St. Matthew A brief history of the life of Christ.
Gospel of St. Mark A brief history of the life of Christ, supplying some incidents omitted by St. Luke The history of the life of Christ, with especial reference to his most important acts and discourses. John The life of Christ, giving important discourses not related by the other evangelists. Acts of the Apostles The history of the labors of the apostles and of the foundation of the Christian Church. Epistle to the Romans A treatise by St.
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Paul on the doctrine of justification by Christ. First Epistle to the Corinthians A letter from St. Second Epistle to the Corinthians St. Epistle to the Galatians St. Paul maintains that we are justified by faith, and not by rites. Epistle to the Ephesians A treatise by St.
Paul on the power of divine grace. Epistle to the Philippians St. Paul sets forth the beauty of Christian kindness. Epistle to the Colossians St. First Epistle to the Thessalonians St. Second Epistle to the Thessalonians St.
First and Second Epistles to Timothy St. Epistle to Titus Epistle to Titus. Epistle to Philemon An appeal to a converted master to receive a converted escaped slave with kindness. Epistle to Hebrews St. Paul maintains that Christ is the substance of the ceremonial law. Epistle of James A treatise on the efficacy of faith united with good works. First and Second Epistles of Peter Exhortations to a Christian life, with various warnings and predictions.
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